for D. Palmer's Visions of Human Nature
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more time with the book and then do the entire quiz again with an open book. Complete
the exercise before the chapter is discussed in class (see the schedule of readings),
so that when we meet together you'll have control over the information and concepts
presented in the chapter. Important: Don't forget to click the "REPORT" button
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Chapter 2 - The Aristotelian Vision of Human Nature
1. The Greek city-states considered Macedonia a mere bunch of "barbarians" because
2. Aristotle, upon his return to Athens in 335 B.C.E.,
opened a school for the Athenians called
3. For Aristotle, the greatest tragedy
imaginable for human beings is
4. Which of the following is true about Aristotle's view of human beings?
5. Which of the followings is true about Aristotle's
conception of the development of moral virtue?
6. Aristotle's most famous pupil was
7. In Aristotle's four-part division
of the soul, the part that deliberates over which actions are to be performed in
specific circumstances is
8. Aristotle declares that the highest goal of human life,
in which the happiest human being is engaged, is
9. For Aristotle, practical morality - the ability to seek the "Golden Mean"
between excess and deficiency - has what character?
10. Teleology is a key concept for Aristotle, the
dominating concept of his entire philosophical system. What is teleology?
11. Although Aristotle began by following Plato's teachings, he eventually came to believe that
true philosophy is empirically grounded, i.e., based on observation of this-worldly experience.
12. Aristotle's view of human happiness does not include a place for pleasure.
13. Aristotle believed that only humans possess an entelechy,
or a goal-oriented mechanism of self-actualization.
14. Aristotle defined the function
of man as "an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue".
15. According to Aristotle, so-called "material needs" and "moral luck" are not
relevant to achieving true blessedness and happiness.
Here are some short answer questions you might consider.
16. What is the essential difference between Aristotle's teleology and Darwin's
theory of evolution?
17. What are, according to Aristotle, external or material goods required for
one to achieve happiness?
18. What is Aristotle's major objection to Plato's metaphysics?
19. What is the relation between practical and speculative wisdom?
20. What are the characteristics of Aristotle's "great-souled" man?
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